Le grotte e il territorio / The Caves and the territory
Belpasso is one of the towns of the Park of Etna, which was the first Sicilian park to be founded, in 1987, in order to preserve and protect the landscape and the environmental resources of the towns which are part of it.
The landscape in the high, mountainous area of Belpasso is very suggestive: it is characterised by lava slides which have flown over the centuries and by a varied vegetation which includes the broom and the small Etna broom, oak trees, larch pines, chestnut trees, cherry trees, almond trees, olive trees and others.
Crossing the Park, you have easy access to the highest areas. In the territory, you can walk, ride on horses or mountain bikes and, in winter, you can go around using touring skis.
Northwards, you can go across the surrounding mountainous areas such as Mount San Leo, MountSona, MountManfrè and MountVetore up to the Central Crater. Near the inhabited area, you can go and see the lava casts of 1669, situated to the east of the village. It has an extension of 4 kilometres and lies on the southern slope of Mount Etna at 600 meters above sea level, where volcanic products of the last eight millennia have accumulated.
For the more adventurous, we suggest an itinerary, with the help of a speleologist, to discover the caves and hollows of the volcano. The caves and hollows counted by the Office of the Caves of Mount Etna in the territory of Belpasso, are various: the Ampudda di Pisciteddu Cave, the Campana Cave, the Corsaro and Corsaro Superiore Caves, the Manfrè Cave, the d'Angela Caves (II and III), the Sferruzzo Cave, the Taddariti Caves, the Colomba Caves (I and II), the Dinamite Cave and so on. Among these, we will speak of the most important ones from a naturalistic point of view, suggesting that you visit them with the help of the Speleo Group of C.A.I. of Belpasso.
The CorsaroCave is located in the area of MountCastellazzo (2145 meters above sea level). You can enter it with caution and only with the help of experts. Initially the hollow is plain and becomes more and more inclined. The tunnel is around 300 meters long with a vault height which reaches, sometimes, 4 metres. The CorsaroSuperioreCave, also in the area of MountCastellazzo (2150 meters above sea level) is a small cave formed by the eruption in 1983, to be visited only with the help of experts.
It is made up of two spaces: one occupies the northern zone of the cave and the other one occupies a large zone in the west side. This cave is interesting for the presence of internal ice deposits. The TaddaritiCaves (I and II) are placed in the area of Gianpasquale (610 meters above sea level) and were formed by the lava slide in 1669. In their vault, there are many lava casts. These caves are no taller than 150 cm of height and access is simple. The D'Angela Caves (I and II) are of unusual beauty; they were formed by the lava slide in 1536 and situated in the area with the same name, 910 meters above sea level. By the entrance of the caves you can see a flourishing vegetation and nearby there are remains of an unusual lava stone road, antecedent to the eruption, which is an example of typical “trazzera”.
The PietraLunaCave, which was highlighted by the Speleo Group of C.A.I. Belpasso, is situated in the area of Mezzasciara, 700 meters above sea level. The cave, created by the eruption in 1669, is particularly interesting as its internal morphology is presented on different levels of a lava slide